کاربرد فتوديناميک تراپی در عفونتهای موضعی

رحيمی, سيده آسيه (2011) کاربرد فتوديناميک تراپی در عفونتهای موضعی. فصلنامه علمی پژوهشی لیزر پزشکی, 8 (2). pp. 42-54. ISSN 3319-1735

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Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) was discovered over one hundred years ago by observing the killing of microorganisms when harmless dyes and visible light were combined in vitro. Since then it has primarily been developed as a treatment for cancer, ophthalmologic disorders and in dermatology. However in recent years interest in the antimicrobial effects of PDT has revived and it has been proposed as a therapy for a large variety of localized infections. This revival of interest has largely been driven by the inexorable increase in drug resistance amongst many classes of pathogen. Advantages of PDT include equal killing effectiveness regardless of antibiotic resistance, and a lack of induction of PDT resistance. Disadvantages include the cessation of the antimicrobial effect when the light is turned off, and less than perfect selectivity for microbial cells over host tissue. This review will cover the use of PDT to kill or inactivate pathogens in ex vivo tissues and in biological materials such as blood. PDT has been successfully used to kill pathogens and even to save life in several animal models of localized infections such as surface wounds, burns, oral sites, abscesses and the middle ear. A large number of clinical studies of PDT for viral papillomatosis lesions and for acne refer to its anti-microbial effect, but it is unclear how important this microbial killing is to the overall therapeutic outcome. PDT for periodontitis is a rapidly growing clinical application and other dental applications are under investigation. PDT is being clinically studied for other dermatological infections such as leishmaniasis and mycobacteria. Antimicrobial PDT will become more important in the future as antibiotic resistance is only expected to continue to increase.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Photodynamic therapy، photosensitizer، localized infection، bacteria، virus، fungus، skin، wound، burn،
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Divisions: Other Journals > Official Journal of Iranian Center for Medical Laser (ICML)
Depositing User: سمیه باغبانی
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 11:05
Last Modified: 30 Sep 2015 11:05
URI: http://eprints.bpums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4038

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