The effect of preventive educational program in cigarette smoking: Extended Parallel Process Model

Gharlipour, Zabihollah and Hazavehei, Seyed Mohammad Mehdi and Moeini, Babak and Nazari, Mahin (2015) The effect of preventive educational program in cigarette smoking: Extended Parallel Process Model. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 4.


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Background: Cigarette smoking is one of the preventable causes of diseases and deaths. The most important preventive measure is technique to resist against peer pressure. Any educational program should design with an emphasis upon theories of behavioral change and based on effective educational program. To investigate the interventions through educational program in prevention of cigarette smoking, this paper has used the Extended Parallel Process Model (EPPM). Materials and Methods: This study is a quasi‑experimental study. Two middle schools were randomly selected from male students in Shiraz. Therefore, we randomly selected 120 students for the experimental group and 120 students for the control group. After diagnostic evaluation, educational interventions on the consequences of smoking and preventive skills were applied. Results: Our results indicated that there was a significant difference between students in the control and experimental groups in the means of perceived susceptibility (P < 0.000, t = 6.84), perceived severity (P < 0.000, t = −11.46), perceived response efficacy (P < 0.000, t = −7.07), perceived self‑efficacy (P < 0.000, t = −11.64), and preventive behavior (P < 0.000, t = −24.36). Conclusions: EPPM along with educating skills necessary to resist against peer pressure had significant level of efficiency in improving preventive behavior of cigarette smoking among adolescents. However, this study recommends further studies on ways of increasing perceived susceptibility in cigarette smoking among adolescents. Key words:

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: indexer:samaneh vafadar
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cigarette smoking, extended parallel process model, health education, students
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Faculty of Medicin
Depositing User: Unnamed user with username karvarz1
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2015 18:34
Last Modified: 19 Dec 2015 18:34

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