The metabolic syndrome is not associated with homocysteinemia: The Persian Gulf Healthy Heart Study

Ebrahimi, Abdolali and Assadi, Majid and Movahed, ali and Obeidi, narges (2009) The metabolic syndrome is not associated with homocysteinemia: The Persian Gulf Healthy Heart Study. J. Endocrinol, 32. pp. 406-410.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT. Background: It is uncertain whether homocysteine and the metabolic syndrome or its components are related in the general population, as studies investigating the association between homocysteine levels and insulin resistance have shown conflicting results. Methods: In an ancillary study to the Persian Gulf Healthy Heart Study, a cohort study of Iranian men and women aged ≥25 yr, a random sample of 1754 subjects were evaluated for the association of plasma homocysteine levels and the metabolic syndrome using National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)-Adult Treatment Panel (ATP)-III criteria. Total homocysteine levels and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Results: Subjects with lower HDL-cholesterol and higher blood pressure showed significantly higher homocysteine levels (p=0.001 and p<0.0001; respectively). There was no significant difference in serum levels of homocysteine between subjects with and without the metabolic syndrome. In multiple logistic regression analysis, the metabolic syndrome did not show a significant association with serum homocysteine levels after adjusting for sex, age, smoking, fruit and vegetable intake pattern, body mass index, and physical inactivity. Concurrent elevated CRP levels and the metabolic syndrome also did not show a significant association with serum homocysteine levels after adjusting for sex, age, and lifestyle cardiovascular risk factors. Conclusions: There was no association between the metabolic syndrome using NCEP-ATPIII criteria and homocysteinemia in this study. These data refute the hypothesis that homocysteine levels are influenced by the metabolic syndrome, at least in general healthy population.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: indexer:anis najafi
Uncontrolled Keywords: C-reactive protein, homocysteine, insulin resistance, ischemic heart disease, metabolic syndrome.
Divisions: Faculty of Medicin
Depositing User: Unnamed user with username karvarz2
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2016 03:10
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2016 03:10
URI: http://eprints.bpums.ac.ir/id/eprint/4445

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