Mass deworming to improve developmental health and wellbeing of children in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

A Welch, Vivian and Ghogomu, Elizabeth and Hossain, Alomgir and Awasthi, Shally and A Bhutta, Zulfiqar and Cumberbatch, Chisa and Fletcher, Robert and McGowan, Jessie and Krishnaratne, Shari and Kristjansson, Elizabeth and Sohani, Salim and Suresh, Shalini and Tugwell, Peter and White, Howard and A Wells, George (2017) Mass deworming to improve developmental health and wellbeing of children in low-income and middle-income countries: a systematic review and network meta-analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 5 (1). e40-e50. ISSN 0140-6736


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Background Soil-transmitted helminthiasis and schistosomiasis, considered among the neglected tropical diseases by WHO, aff ect more than a third of the world’s population, with varying intensity of infection. We aimed to evaluate the eff ects of mass deworming for soil-transmitted helminths (with or without deworming for schistosomiasis or cointerventions) on growth, educational achievement, cognition, school attendance, quality of life, and adverse eff ects in children in endemic helminth areas. Methods We searched 11 databases up to Jan 14, 2016, websites and trial registers, contacted authors, and reviewed reference lists. We included studies published in any language of children aged 6 months to 16 years, with mass deworming for soil-transmitted helminths or schistosomiasis (alone or in combination with other interventions) for 4 months or longer, that reported the primary outcomes of interest. We included randomised and quasi-randomised trials, controlled before–after studies, interrupted time series, and quasi-experimental studies. We screened in duplicate, then extracted data and appraised risk of bias in duplicate with a pre-tested form. We conducted randomeff ects meta-analysis and Bayesian network meta-analysis. Findings We included 52 studies of duration 5 years or less with 1 108 541 children, and four long-term studies 8–10 years after mass deworming programmes with more than 160 000 children. Overall risk of bias was moderate. Mass deworming for soil-transmitted helminths compared with controls led to little to no improvement in weight over a period of about 12 months (0·99 kg, 95% credible interval [CrI] −0·09 to 0·28; moderate certainty evidence) or height (0·07 cm, 95% CrI −0·10 to 0·24; moderate certainty evidence), little to no diff erence in proportion stunted (eight fewer per 1000 children, 95% CrI −48 to 32; high certainty evidence), cognition measured by short-term attention (−0·23 points on a 100 point scale, 95% CI −0·56 to 0·14; high certainty evidence), school attendance (1% higher, 95% CI −1 to 3; high certainty evidence), or mortality (one fewer per 1000 children, 95% CI −3 to 1; high certainty evidence). We found no data on quality of life and little evidence of adverse eff ects. Mass deworming for schistosomiasis might slightly increase weight (0·41 kg, 95% CrI −0·20 to 0·91) and has little to no eff ect on height (low certainty evidence) and cognition (moderate certainty evidence). Our analyses do not suggest indirect benefi ts for untreated children from being exposed to treated children in the community. We are uncertain about eff ects on long-term economic productivity (hours worked), cognition, literacy, and school enrolment owing to very low certainty evidence. Results were consistent across sensitivity and subgroup analyses by age, worm prevalence, baseline nutritional status, infection status, impact on worms, infection intensity, types of worms (ascaris, hookworm, or trichuris), risk of bias, cluster versus individual trials, compliance, and attrition. Interpretation Mass deworming for soil-transmitted helminths with or without deworming for schistosomiasis had little eff ect. For schistosomiasis, mass deworming might be eff ective for weight but is probably ineff ective for height, cognition, and attendance. Future research should assess which subset of children do benefi t from mass deworming, if any, using individual participant data meta-analysis.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WA Public Health
Divisions: Faculty of Medicin
Depositing User: Touba Derakhshande
Date Deposited: 16 Sep 2017 08:40
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2017 08:40

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