Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis C virus genotypes in Bushehr province, Iran

Vahdat, Katayoun and KEYVANI, H and TABIB, S.M. and ROSTAMABADI, S. and VALIZADEH1, S.M. and CHERAGHI, S. and SHAMSIAN, S. and ZANDI, K. (2010) Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis C virus genotypes in Bushehr province, Iran. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences. pp. 861-864.


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Background and Objectives: Molecular epidemiology of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is very important for the treatment of hepatitis C infection. The aim of this study was to determine the distribution of HCV genotypes in Bushehr province (South West of Iran). Materials and Methods: A total of 100 patients who were detected as positive for HCV antibody (by using ELISA method and RIBA test) referred to Arya Virology Laboratory between 2007-2009 in order to molecular diagnosis and furthermore virus genotyping. After detection of HCV, RNA genotyping of virus was done by using genotype specific primers. Results: Genotype 1a was found in 49% of the patients and genotype 3a was found in 40% of the patients and 1b in 5% of patients, while the genotype of the virus could not be identified in 5% of the patients. Finally, in 1% of patients coinfection due to 1a-3a genotypes was identified. Conclusion: The dominant genotype of HCV in Bushehr province, Iran, was determined as 1a.with acute hepatitis C ultimately develop chronic infection1. Only a minority of cases of acute HCV recover completely, with spontaneous virus eradication. In most cases the acute infection progresses to chronicity. Chronic HCV infection is defined as an infection that persists for more than 6 months, with or without clinical manifestations of hepatic or extrahepatic disease. Chronic type of this infection can cause cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer. HCV infection is a global health problem and it is estimated that 200 million people of the world population are infected5. The global spread of chronic HCV infection coincided with the widespread use of transfused blood and blood products and with the expansion of intravenous drug use but decreased prior to the wide implementation of anti-HCV screening6. There are at least six major genotypes designated by Arabic numerals and more than 50 subtypes of HCV identified by lower case letters. The different genotypes have different geographic distributions1,4. Genotype determination of HCV is one of the most important factors in order to prediction of the viral persistency, pathogenicity and resistancy to antivirals7. The success and the treatment period of interferon and ribavirin seems to be related to the genotype of virus8. Furthermore, HCV genotyping is a useful tool to determine its molecular epidemiology, as they are indicative of transmission route of infection9,10. There is no published data about the distribution of HCV genotypes from Bushehr province (South West of Iran). Prevalence of HCV genotypes in Bushehr is an issue that is not sufficiently investigated and there is a need, therefore, to study this in detail.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicin
Depositing User: زهرا صفایی
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2018 08:28
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2018 08:28

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