Impact of Ramadan fasting on intraocular pressure, visual acuity and refractive errors

Seyedabadi, mohammad and assadi, majid and Akrami, A and Beikzadeh, F and Nabipour, iraj and Larijani, B and Afarid, M and Seidali, E (2011) Impact of Ramadan fasting on intraocular pressure, visual acuity and refractive errors. Singapore Med J, 52 (4). pp. 263-266.


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Introduction: Fasting evidently influences a variety of physiological parameters that can impact the ocular system. Among these modifications are alterations in insulin secretion, sympathetic activity, free fatty acids, lipid profile, melatonin, cortisol, electrolytes and catecholamines. In this study, we investigated the possible alterations in intraocular pressure (10P), visual acuity and refractive errors during Ramadan fasting. Methods: 10P, visual acuity and refractive errors of both eyes of volunteers were measured on the first and last days of Ramadan (once in the morning and evening). Body weight was measured so as to estimate the amount of dehydration. Data from the two examinations was analysed using one-way analysis of variance. A p -value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: 58 healthy, fasting male volunteers with a mean age of 40.7 +/- 7.1 years participated in the study. Statistical analysis demonstrated no difference in 10P, visual acuity or refractive errors on the first and last days of Ramadan, or within a single day (from morning to evening). Conclusion: Our results reveal that Islamic Ramadan fasting does not profoundly affect physiological 10P, refractive error or visual acuity values in healthy volunteers. However, more detailed investigations using animal models should be designed to evaluate whether fasting has a pivotal influence on pathological conditions. Keywords: body weight, intraocular pressure, Ramadan fasting, refractive errors, visual acuity

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WW Ophthalmology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicin > Department of Ophthalmology
Depositing User: محسن زارعی
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 07:02
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 07:02

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