Evaluation of Lethal Effect of Pergularia Tomentosa and Priploca aphylla on Trichomonas Vaginalis In Vitro

Fouladvand, Morad Ali and khorami, Solyman and Sartavi, Kohzad (2017) Evaluation of Lethal Effect of Pergularia Tomentosa and Priploca aphylla on Trichomonas Vaginalis In Vitro. Iranian South Medical Journal, 20 (4). pp. 370-379. ISSN 1735-4374

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Abstract

Background: Trichomonas vaginalis protozoan is one of the causes of human vaginitis. The selective medicine for treatment is metronidazole. However, it has some adverse outcomes including increasing drug resistance and having numerous side effects. Pergularia tomentosa is a desert plant with some antifungal and anti-Plasmodium properties. Interestingly, the anti-dermatophytic effect of Priploca aphylla is more powerful than conventional antifungal drugs such as griseofulvin. In this study, we aimed to use its ingredients to introduce a new medicine for the treatment of Trichomonas vaginalis infections. Materials and Methods: Pergularia tomentosa and Periploca aphylla were collected, cleaned and dried. Then, plants main ingredients were extracted by using water, methanol, dichloromethane and n-hexane solvents. Then, herbal extracts with concentrations of 50, 100, 200, 400, 600, 800 µg/ml were prepared by adding normal saline and glycerin. Trichomonas vaginalis trophozoite with the concentration of 106 /100 µl was mixed with 100 ml of an herbal extract of Pergularia tomentosa and Priploca aphylla. The mixture incubated for 24 hours at 37°C. The mortality rate of the protozoa was measured by using the MTT test, and the effect of extracts was evaluated on Vero cells. The phytochemical evaluation was performed using the HPTLC technique to determine the composition of the extract. All tests were repeated three times and SPSS software, version 16 was used for data analysis. Results: Anti-Trichomonas aqueous, methanol, dichloromethane and n-hexane extracts of Pergularia tomentosa in 800µg/ml concentration was % 64, % 72.4, %95.2 and % 95.4 respectively. Lethal effect on Trichomonas for Priploca aphylla with the same concentration was 70.8%, 67%, 93.4% and 93.2% respectively. Cytotoxic effect of methanol extracts of Pergularia tomentosa and Priploca aphylla at 800µg/ml concentration against Vero cells was %50.3 and %63 respectively. Phytochemical screening of herbal extracts showed that both have the same ingredients including alkaloid, flavonoid, terpenoid, saponin, sterol, phenol, iridoid, tannin, phenylpropanoid, and anthocyanins. Conclusion: The results showed that for Pergularia tomentosa and Priploca aphylla, the dichloromethane and n-hexane extracts were more effective against Trichomonas vaginalis than methanolic and water extracts in all concentrations. For the future research, identification of the mechanism of anti-Trichomonas vaginalis effect of these herbal ingredients is necessary.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QX Parasitology
Divisions: Faculty of Paramedics
Depositing User: محسن زارعی
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2018 02:20
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2018 02:20
URI: http://eprints.bpums.ac.ir/id/eprint/6937

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