Phospholipase A2 activity of the Persian Gulf upside-down jellyfish venom (Cassiopea andromeda)

Mohebbi, Gholamhossein and Vatanpour, Hossein and Vazirizadeh, Amir and Maryamabadi, Ammar and Hasaninejad, Alireza and Akbarzadeh, Samad and Farrokhnia, Maryam and Bargahi, Afshar and Nabipour, Iraj (2017) Phospholipase A2 activity of the Persian Gulf upside-down jellyfish venom (Cassiopea andromeda). Iranian South Medical Journal, 20 (3). pp. 287-300.


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Background: The venomous jellyfish Cassiopea andromeda can produce envenomation and different toxicological and biological effects by their nematocysts. The phospholipase A2 enzymes (PLA2) are toxic and induce various pharmacological effects including neurotoxicity, myotoxicity, and anticoagulant activities. The main aim of the current project was to screen the in vitro PLA2 activity of the C. andromeda crude venom. To better understand the experimental result; a molecular docking study was also performed. Materials and methods: The live specimens were collected from Nayband lagoon, by a trawl net, and separation of their tentacles was done according to Bloom 's et al., method. The PLA2 activity of crude venom was performed according to the acidimetric method of Tan and Tan. The lyophilized venom was subjected to Gas Chromatography/ Mass Spectroscopy, and the obtained structures were used for docking study against PLA2. The indoxam was considered as standard control. Results: The PLA2 activity of the jellyfish crude venom was 413 ±0.08 µmol/min/mg. Analysis of the crude venom detected seven compounds (i-vii) using GC-MS. Docking data was also confirmed the experimental results. According to the docking results, the highest affinity [-6.7 (kcal/mol)] was observed in the compound “Pregn-5-ene-3,11-dione, 17,20:20,21 bis [methylenebis(oxy)]-, cyclic 3-(1,2-ethane diyl acetal”. Conclusions: A high PLA2 level was found in the venom of C. andromeda. There was a good correlation between in vitro and in silico studies.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Research Center > Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center
Depositing User: محسن زارعی
Date Deposited: 03 Jul 2018 02:22
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2018 02:22

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