A Monte Carlo study on the performance evaluation of a parallel hole collimator for a HiReSPECT: A dedicated small-animal SPECT

Tanha, Kaveh and aAbbaspour, Samir and Mahmoudian, Babak and Assadi, Majid and Pirayesh Islamian, Jalil (2018) A Monte Carlo study on the performance evaluation of a parallel hole collimator for a HiReSPECT: A dedicated small-animal SPECT. Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 139. pp. 53-60.

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Collimator geometry has an important contribution on the image quality in SPECT imaging. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of parallel hole collimator hole-size on the functional parameters (including the spatial resolution and sensitivity) and the image quality of a HiReSPECT imaging system using SIMIND Monte Carlo program. To find a proper trade-off between the sensitivity and spatial resolution, the collimator with hole diameter ranges of 0.3–1.5 mm (in steps of 0.3 mm) were used with a fixed septal and hole thickness values (0.2 mm and 34 mm, respectively). Lead, Gold, and Tungsten as the LEHR collimator material were also investigated. The results on a 99mTc point source scanning with the experimental and also simulated systems were matched to validate the simulated imaging system. The results on the simulation showed that decreasing the collimator hole size, especially in the Gold collimator, improved the spatial resolution to 18% and 3.2% compared to the Lead and the Tungsten, respectively. Meanwhile, the Lead collimator provided a good sensitivity in about of 7% and 8% better than that of Tungsten and Gold, respectively. Overall, the spatial resolution and sensitivity showed small differences among the three types of collimator materials assayed within the defined energy. By increasing the hole size, the Gold collimator produced lower scatter and penetration fractions than Tungsten and Lead collimator. The minimum detectable size of hot rods in micro-Jaszczak phantom on the iterative maximum-likelihood expectation maximization (MLEM) reconstructed images, were determined in the sectors of 1.6, 1.8, 2.0, 2.4 and 2.6 mm for scanning with the collimators in hole sizes of 0.3, 0.6, 0.9, 1.2 and 1.5 mm at a 5 cm distance from the phantom. The Gold collimator with hole size of 0.3 mm provided a better image quality with the HiReSPECT imaging.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W General Medicine , Health professions
Divisions: Research Center > Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center
Depositing User: محسن زارعی
Date Deposited: 06 Oct 2018 10:37
Last Modified: 06 Oct 2018 10:37
URI: http://eprints.bpums.ac.ir/id/eprint/7208

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