Application of [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT in Diagnosis and Management of Prostate Cancer Patients

dadgar, H and Emami, F and Norouzbeigi, N and Vafaee, M.S and Jafari, E and Gholamrezanezhad, A and Assadi, M and Ahmadzadehfar, H (2020) Application of [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT in Diagnosis and Management of Prostate Cancer Patients. Molecular Imaging and Biology, 22 (4). pp. 1062-1069. ISSN 15361632


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Purpose: The early and accurate diagnosis of locoregional recurrence or metastasis in prostate cancer (PC) has a significant impact on treatment options. Prostatic-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron emission tomography (PET)/x-ray computed tomograph (CT) imaging has recently been introduced as a novel procedure in managing PC. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT in managing PC patients and to compare the detection rate of PET/CT and bone scans (BSs) in detecting bone metastasis. Procedures: We evaluated 415 patients with PC who underwent [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT between March 2015 and September 2018. The patients were classified into three groups: staging, biomedical recurrence (BCR), and follow-up or monitoring, based on the intent to perform PET/CT. Results: We evaluated 415 patients aged 41–99 (68.25 ± 9.59). Of these patients, 344 (82.9 %) had at least one localized lesion. The detection rates were 48.3 %, 52.6 %, 74.4 %, 79.6 %, and 93.9 % for a PSA value of < 0.2 ng/ml, ≥ 0.2–< 0.5 ng/ml, ≥ 0.5–< 1 ng/ml, ≥ 1–< 2 ng/ml, and ≥ 2 ng/ml, respectively (p < 0.05). The detection rates increased significantly with higher GSs; the rates were 68.3 % (28/41), 74.5 % (73/98), 93.9 % (46/49), and 91 % (61/67) for a GS of < 7, 7, 8, and > 8, respectively (p < 0.05). An ideal cut-off value of > 1.16 ng/ml was obtained for PSA value, which equates to specificity of 75 % and sensitivity of 77 %. In comparing BSs and PET/CT, a region-based analysis showed the superiority of PET/CT over BSs for all regions expect the skull (p < 0.05). PET/CT detected 258 suspicious regions, 255 of which were metastatic and three of which were equivocal. BSs detected only 223 suspicious regions, 203 of which were metastatic and 20 of which were equivocal. Conclusions: [68Ga]PSMA PET/CT showed a high detection rate for lesions in PC patients. PSA level, GS, and a PSA doubling time of less than 6 months were shown to be the affective variables. In addition, 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT showed better performance in detecting bone lesions than BSs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Androgen deprivation therapyBone scanGleason ScorePET/CTProstate cancerPSAPSMA
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Divisions: Research Center > Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center
Depositing User: خدیجه شبانکاره
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2020 10:06
Last Modified: 21 Dec 2020 10:06

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