Diversity of geophilic dermatophytes species in the soils of iran; the significant preponderance of nannizzia fulva

Ahmadi, B and Taghipour, S and Abastabar, M and Piri, F and Aboualigalehdari, E and Jabbari, M.R and Zarrinfar, H and Nouripour-Sisakht, S and Mohammadi, R and Ansari, S and Katiraee, F and Niknejad, F and Didehdar, M and Nazeri, M and Makimura, K and Rezaei-Matehkolaei, A (2021) Diversity of geophilic dermatophytes species in the soils of iran; the significant preponderance of nannizzia fulva. Journal of Fungi, 7 (5). ISSN 2309608X

[img] Text

Download (1MB)
Official URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2309-608X/7/5/345


A molecular epidemiology study was conducted between 2016 and 2017 by a network of collaborators from 12 provinces in the Islamic Republic of Iran. A total of 1484 soil samples from different habitats were screened for the presence of dermatophytes by using the hair baiting technique. The primary identification of isolates was carried out by amplification and MvaI restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) of the internal transcribed spacers regions of ribosomal DNA (ITS-rDNA). The identifications, especially in the cases of isolates with unknown RFLP patterns, were confirmed by sequencing of the ITS-rDNA region. As a result, 256 isolates were recovered. The isolation rate was higher in soils with pH range 7.1–8.0, collected from animal habitats (n = 78; 34%) and parks and gardens (n = 75; 32%), geographically from Mazandaran Province (n = 115; 49.5%) and seasonally in the spring (n = 129; 50.4%), all of which were statistically significant (p < 0.05). The dermatophytes comprising five species of the two genera, viz., Nannizzia fulva (n = 214), N. gypsea (n = 34), Arthroderma quadrifidum (n = 5), A. gertleri (n = 2) and A. tuberculatum (n = 1), were isolated. The geophilic dermatophytes occurred in various soils from different parts of Iran; however, surprisingly, N. fulva emerged as the dominant species, outnumbering the common geophilic species of N. gypsea. For the definitive identification of soil inhabitant dermatophytes, DNA-based identification is strongly recommended.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Faculty of Paramedics
Depositing User: خدیجه شبانکاره
Date Deposited: 28 Jun 2021 05:58
Last Modified: 28 Jun 2021 05:58
URI: http://eprints.bpums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9315

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item