Distribution of dietary risk factors in Iran: National and sub-national burden of disease

Hajipour, M.J and Zamaninour, N and Yoosefi, M and Soleimanzadehkhayat, M and Pazhuheian, F (2021) Distribution of dietary risk factors in Iran: National and sub-national burden of disease. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 24 (1). 48- 57. ISSN 10292977

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Official URL: http://www.aimjournal.ir/Article/aim-15839


Background: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are one of the greatest threats to public health, and have been related to poor quality dietary patterns. This study was conducted to determine the distribution of dietary risk factors in Iran. Methods: Cross-sectional data was gathered between April and November 2016 from 30,541 eligible adults (out of 31 050 individuals who were selected through systematic proportional to size cluster random sampling) living in urban and rural areas, using the WHO-based STEPs risk factor questionnaire. Low intakes of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and fish, and high intakes of salty processed food (SPF), as well as daily intake of hydrogenated fat (HF) were considered as nutritional risk factors. Results: At the national level, 82.8% (95% CI: 82.4-83.2), 57.8% (95% CI: 57.2-58.4), 80.6% (95% CI: 80.1-81) and 90.3% (95% CI: 90-90.6) of participants of all age groups had sub-optimal intakes of fruits, vegetables, dairy products and fish, respectively. Furthermore, 12.8% (95% CI: 12.4-13.1), and 29.4% (95% CI: 28.9-29.9) of respondents had high SPF intakes and HF use, respectively. At the sub-national level, the highest distribution of suboptimal intake of fruits (97.2%; 95% CI:96-98.3), vegetables (79.2%; 95% CI: 76.3-82.1) and dairy products (92.9%; 95% CI: 91-94.7) was observed in Sistan and Baluchistan. Except for Boushehr and Hormozgan, the majority of the population of other provinces consumed fish less than twice a week. Similarly, the high intake of SPF was found mostly in the population of Yazd (23.7; 95% CI: 20.2-27.2). HF consumption was the highest in North Khorasan (64.2%; 95% CI: 60.3-68.1). Conclusion: These findings highlight the widespread distribution of dietary risk factors in Iran, which should be a priority for the people and the politicians in order to prevent NCDs.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WB Practice of Medicine
Divisions: Research Center > Persian Gulf Marine Biotechnology Research Center
Depositing User: خدیجه شبانکاره
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2021 06:50
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2021 06:50
URI: http://eprints.bpums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9407

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