The molecular biology and therapeutic potential of Nrf2 in leukemia

Khodakarami, Atefeh and Adibfar, Sara and Karpisheh, Vahid and Abolhasani, Shiva and Jalali, Pooya and Mohammadi, Hamed and Gholizadeh Navashenaq, Jamshid and Farsangi, Mohammad Hojjat and Jadidi-Niaragh, Farhad (2022) The molecular biology and therapeutic potential of Nrf2 in leukemia. Cancer Cell International, 241. ISSN 1475-2867

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NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) transcription factor has contradictory roles in cancer, which can act as a tumor suppressor or a proto-oncogene in different cell conditions (depending on the cell type and the conditions of the cell environment). Nrf2 pathway regulates several cellular processes, including signaling, energy metabolism, autophagy, inflammation, redox homeostasis, and antioxidant regulation. As a result, it plays a crucial role in cell survival. Conversely, Nrf2 protects cancerous cells from apoptosis and increases proliferation, angiogenesis, and metastasis. It promotes resistance to chemotherapy and radiotherapy in various solid tumors and hematological malignancies, so we want to elucidate the role of Nrf2 in cancer and the positive point of its targeting. Also, in the past few years, many studies have shown that Nrf2 protects cancer cells, especially leukemic cells, from the effects of chemotherapeutic drugs. The present paper summarizes these studies to scrutinize whether targeting Nrf2 combined with chemotherapy would be a therapeutic approach for leukemia treatment. Also, we discussed how Nrf2 and NF-κB work together to control the cellular redox pathway. The role of these two factors in inflammation (antagonistic) and leukemia (synergistic) is also summarized.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions: Faculty of Medicin > Department of Immunology and Allergy
Depositing User: خدیجه شبانکاره
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2022 11:02
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2022 11:02

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